The Truth about Seminary

The Truth about Seminary

Seminary doesn’t prepare people for ministry; it merely meets manmade expectations

I know many people who have gone to seminary. And I have friends who are going to seminary. I encourage them, pray for them, and once even helped pay the tuition. I respect those who have gone to seminary and graduated. Yet for most ministry-minded people seminary is a waste of time. Truly.

Seminary Is Man’s Idea

Attending seminary is a human concept. Nowhere in the Bible is there a command to pursue advanced education in order to minister to others. Jesus doesn’t say, “Before you go into the world, spend three years in advanced studies,” he just says, “Go.” We made up the seminary part because it seemed like a  good thing to do, but it isn’t God’s idea.

Seminary Isn’t Required

None of the disciples, apostles, or elders went to seminary or received any sort of special religious training (Acts 4:13). The only one requirement is that they had spent time with Jesus. Yep, that’s it. The one essential qualification to ministry in the New Testament is having spent time with Jesus (Acts 1:21). Paul barely qualifies because, as one too late, he lacks one-on-one time with Jesus (1 Corinthians 15:8-9), but…

Seminary Knowledge Confuses People

Paul is the closest example in the New Testament to having a seminary degree. However, this detracts rather than helps. After Paul talks to Felix, the governor exclaims, “Your great learning is driving you insane,” (Acts 26:24, NIV). Yet Felix is an outsider. What do insiders think? Peter, the church’s first leader, writes this about Paul: “His letters contain some things that are hard to understand,” (2 Peter 3:18, NIV). At best, advanced learning creates a gulf between ministers and other people.

Seminary Doesn’t Help

I read that ministers who haven’t been to seminary are happier in their jobs than ministers with religion degrees. Furthermore non-seminary ministers are deemed more successful in ministry than their diploma-toting peers. So it seems seminary prepares ministers who will not be as happy or as successful.

Seminary Delays Ministry

I’ve had my heart broken too many times by people who say, “God has called me to full time ministry—so I’m going to seminary.” The first part excites me. The second part vexes my soul. If God calls you to full time ministry, then obey him and go. Don’t waste three years to get more schooling that doesn’t really matter, because…

Seminary Trains the Wrong Things

Seminary does little to draw students into a closer, personal relationship with Jesus, help them connect with God through prayer, or partner with the Holy Spirit. And it doesn’t focus on the essential people skills needed to lead a congregation. The one thing seminary is good for is to prepare people to teach at the college level. A seminary graduate possesses the academic credentials universities require. Of course to actually teach seminary requires a PhD, but an MDiv does give great credentials to teach at a Bible college.

Seminary Wastes Money

While a few seminaries are free, most cost money to attend. Spending money on something that isn’t commanded or required by God, delays ministry, and prepares for the wrong things is foolish and an example of poor stewardship. Instead invest that money in kingdom-facing initiatives that will actually do some good.

If God actually tells you to go to seminary, then go. Otherwise just start serving him now. Click To Tweet

The one thing seminary does accomplish is that it fulfills the expectation of people that their clergy have endured the rigors of advanced education. Indeed, in some religious circles a seminary degree is a necessary document to gain entrance. Yet this manmade requirement does little to equip ministers with the skills needed to do their jobs well.

If God actually tells you to go to seminary, then go. Otherwise just start serving him and leave the advanced education to the academics. Jesus is all you need.

Read more about the book of Acts in Dear Theophilus, Acts: 40 Devotional Insights for Today’s Church now available in e-book, paperback, and hardcover.

Peter DeHaan writes about biblical spirituality, often with a postmodern slant. He seeks a fresh approach to faith and following God through the lens of scripture, without the baggage of made-up traditions and meaningless practices. Read more in his books, blog, and weekly email updates.



  • Dave Weidlich Posted September 6, 2016 12:25 pm

    You’re mostly right. Seminary helped me teach and preach, but it didn’t prepare me for some critical skills in pastoral ministry:
    – leadership. Vision, strategizing, communicating vision.
    – the financial business of the church – budgeting, fund-raising, debt, stewardship
    – personnel – hiring, firing, managing staff
    Serving in two mega-churches as in intern and associate (14 years) did more to prepare me, but that was not their purpose in hiring me and I did not get as much skill training as I would later need to serve as head pastor in two churches.
    Preparation is vital, but seminary is inadequate.
    There must be a better way.

    • Peter DeHaan Posted September 9, 2016 1:53 pm

      I’m all for on-the-job training, backed by a sound mentor and the Holy Spirit. That’s essentially what the disciples did!

  • Rick Wortman Posted September 6, 2016 9:56 pm

    I tend to agree with Dave. Not ever having experienced seminary, I have spent a lifetime under the shepherding of many who did. My period of greatest spiritual growth came under the tutelage of a great man of Christ who never attended seminary. Whereas, I’ve also heard some of the most astounding apostasy and heretical statements from seminary trained pastors. There must be a system for validating a call, nurturing spiritual development, acquiring hermeneutical skills, becoming exegetically proficient, and grounding in doctrine, while training in practical administrative and counseling abilities. Every man ministering as he thinks right is a formula for the collapse of Christianity. Definitely, though, what we have now is far from optimal and devolving at a dramatic pace.

    • Peter DeHaan Posted September 9, 2016 1:56 pm

      That reminds me of 1 Corinthians 8:1, which ends with “But knowledge puffs up.” I see too many “puffed up” seminary grads – and the laity afraid to question them.

      • Noel David Posted September 12, 2016 8:01 am

        I have seen (in the past 65 years) many a seminarian ordained as priests after more than 12-15 years of training (where huge amount of money is spent by the Church or the Religious Congregations for this meaningless training of theirs – called Formation Years – which for me seems like Deformation Years… They all come out haughty, heartless and all puffed up with no human qualities whatsoever – forget the Divine…. Being a very ordinary man, I have been questioning them for the past 50 years for the way they go about bullying and oppressing my people everywhere (very much like the UNFAITHFUL SERVANT mentioned by the Lord) … I can’t bring myself to believe that these men (and women) could be for Jesus in any manner…. I and my family have also been victims of their heartlessness for 30 years and more…. I wonder in what manner they are carrying out the Lord’s Command….

        • Peter DeHaan Posted September 12, 2016 11:47 am

          Noel, I’m so sorry to hear about your experiences.

          Anyone can lose their way. This is a good reminder for everyone – you, me, seminarian, and not – to keep our eyes on Jesus.

  • Tim Bishop Posted September 9, 2016 1:41 pm

    Wow! This is a strong piece! It’s also well developed, coherent, and thought-provoking.

    It reminds me how my own formal training at college for a business degree did not adequately prepare me to function with excellence in the business world. Only practical experience (life’s best teacher), mentoring from someone more well-rounded and well-versed in the trade than me, and some difficult life lessons in “the school of hard knocks” could mold me into a more viable businessperson.

    I believe there is value in higher education, whatever its form may take. It places you under the tutelage of wise and respected people with more relevant experience in your field of endeavor. Granted, not all people in leadership at such institutions will lead you in the right direction, and discerning who will from who won’t will be a task unto itself.

    Yet education at a higher level also gives you time to consider the life ahead without being encumbered by its responsibilities. Call it a time to listen for God’s calling on your life. Even if that latter element is all you gain from higher education, it has been worth the investment.

    Kudos for challenging conventional thinking in such an engaging manner.

    • Peter DeHaan Posted September 9, 2016 2:00 pm

      Thanks, Tim. I imagine a long bike tour gives plenty of time to think about life and listen to God!

      • Tim Bishop Posted September 9, 2016 9:50 pm

        That it does!

  • H Davies Posted September 9, 2016 6:32 pm

    What a bigoted blog, and the audacity to say that Paul had too much learning. It depends which seminary you go and what practical experience is integrated into the training. I have personally learned more after leaving a liberal seminary and greatly envy those given a chance to study under today’s Gamaliels.

  • PRABHAKARA RAO RAJARAPU Posted October 30, 2019 10:33 am


Add Comment

What do you think? Please leave a comment!

%d bloggers like this: